The 45X90 Spot

On May 31, 2009 · 5 Comments

A spot in the middle of a soybean field in north-central Wisconsin marks a confluence of great significance to people who appreciate strange geography. Two invisible lines cross near the small town of Poniatowski; one representing 45 degrees north latitude and one representing 90 degrees west longitude.

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The importance of this particular latitude is perhaps more easily rationalized than the longitude. Latitudes range from zero degrees at the equator to ninety degrees at the poles. Thus, 45 degrees north latitude marks a band halfway between the equator and the north pole. Yes, I recognize there are some complexities to this but the general concept is understandable.

45° North + 90°West Confluence

Longitude however is based upon a prime meridian running through Greenwich, England because an International Meridian Conference decided it should be that way in 1884. Had another prime meridian been selected then this particular 45N 90W spot would have been utterly meaningless, just another nondescript Midwestern field. I would have visited some other obscure point instead.

Let’s go to the sign at the small County park dedicated to the oddity:

This spot in Section 14, in the Town of Reitbrock,
Marathon County is the exact center of the Northern
half of the Western Hemisphere. It is here that the
90th meridian of longitude bisects the 45th parallel
of latitude, meaning it is exactly halfway between
the North Pole and the Equator, and is a quarter of
the way around the earth from Greenwich, England.

Numerous websites note that it really shouldn’t be called a "Geological" marker, so give yourself a knowing smile if you caught that one. It’s probably a little late for them to go back and change the sign.

45X90 Marker

A small rectangular concrete slab rests on the soil a few feet in front of the sign. At the center of the block sits a metallic circular marker reading: "MARATHON COUNTY SURVEYORS OFFICE / IMPRISONMENT OR FINE FOR DISTURBING THIS MARK / 45.00° N + 90.00° W"

45+90 Park

This is the little pocket park that Marathon County dedicated to the crossing of the two lines. It is only 50 feet wide and 125 long, and provides just enough room for a couple of cars to pull in without knocking anything over. I couldn’t get a good straight-on photograph during my visit because it was a wonderfully beautiful morning with the sun rising brightly and directly above the sign; great for visiting but bad for photography.

The slab marker can be seen to the right, where a shadow from the base of the sign touches the ground. Fields surround the park on three sides and a road runs along its western edge. It provides easy access but the park itself is so small and innocuous that I nearly drove past it without even realizing it.

This was also about the time my wife and kids announced that if I ever wanted to see anything more obscure I’d probably have to do it on my own. They were mildly accommodating but hardly enthralled by the hour-long detour. However this isn’t the first time I’ve gone out of my way for the intersections of imaginary lines and it probably won’t be the last.

Since you’ve been kind enough to read all the way down the page it’s time to let you in on a dirty little secret. The two lines don’t actually cross at the marker in the park. They meet a couple of hundred yards away in the middle of the field. I guess the county didn’t have enough money to buy all the land for an easement or it wasn’t worth the trouble or effort. Maybe they figured it was close enough for any odd straggler who happened to visit.

I confirmed this with my hand-held GPS receiver. I wasn’t detecting a whole lot of enthusiasm for traipsing out into the field to reach the exact spot so I considered this encounter "close enough" for me too and closed the books on another adventure.

On May 31, 2009 · 5 Comments

5 Responses to “The 45X90 Spot”

  1. Steve_CTMQ says:

    Awesome. I can’t believe they’ ve noted the (near) spot with such signage.

    You’re family will thank you one day. At least that’s what I keep telling myself when I drag my wife and kid to such places.

  2. KG says:

    guess there is 3 of us on this planet, including steve who commented earlier.
    I actually googled for this place(yes I really did)and found your blog as a result.I saw the board on the side of the highway while driving from greenbay, WI to minneapolis
    we didnt take a detour as majority in the car were not interested and i was too tired to convince them.

  3. Tim Elliott says:

    I am quite sure I’ve visited a similar marker somewhere in Wisconsin along the 45th parallel. There are probably a couple here and there. Leaving aside the fact that this particular marker is not at the actual spot, I was already leery of any such marker being exact, without them constantly moving the marker to account for continental drift!

  4. Fritz Keppler says:

    This is a very enjoyable spot. I visited on 11 June 2007, during a trip in which I crossed many new county lines. On 8 May 2001 I also visited the site 45X100, unsigned and in the middle of an as of then barren field southwest of Gettysburg SD. I like 100W because it was used generally as the definition of the beginning of the west in the 19th century, a general division at the time of the area where rainfall was enough to support crops east of the line, and where irrigation would be necessary west of it.

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