Cigarette Hill

I focused attention on unusual street names awhile ago. That theme played itself out over time so I left it behind for the most part. However, every once in awhile, I came across something interesting enough to mention on Twelve Mile Circle. This time it appeared in Texas. What was it about Texas? Once I found a subdivision with streets named after South Park characters. This time I found something stuck in an even earlier period of time, probably the 1940’s or 1950’s. Cigarettes had a positive image back then. Sometimes advertisers even promoted alleged health benefits (e.g., "More Doctors Smoke Camels than Any Other Brand"). In that context, perhaps, a subdivision with streets named for cigarette brands might have seemed like a good idea.

Cigarette Hill

Cigarette Hill; Dallas, Texas

Imagine the possibilities. One could live on Pall Mall Avenue, Camel Court, or Kool Avenue. Lucky Street seemed to be a stand-in for Lucky Strike. Maybe Durham referenced Bull Durham tobacco. I also spotted a Fatima Avenue. I’d never heard of Fatima cigarettes although they used to be quite popular. Liggett & Myers launched the brand in 1913 to capitalize on the popularity of Turkish tobacco. Fatima faded as the century progressed. It disappeared completely by the 1980’s.

The neighborhood earned a name, Cigarette Hill.

Hard Times on Cigarette Hill

Cigarette Hill stuck in a time warp just like the vintage cigarette brands of its street names. Its residents lived in poverty with a median household income of less than $15,000 in 2014. It also became a highly segregated neighborhood with an overwhelmingly (88.6%) African American population.

Ripple Road also traversed Cigarette Hill. Perhaps it existed as a coincidence or perhaps not. Ripple was an old type of a particularly nasty, cheap fortified wine. The television character Fred Sanford (played by Redd Foxx) considered Ripple his favorite drink. It gained "a reputation as a drink for alcoholics and the destitute."

By 2008, the City of Dallas recognized that Cigarette Hill and the larger Lancaster Corridor needed help. The local NBC television station reported on the situation that led to a Community Revitalization Plan.

…the neighborhood in the middle of the City of Dallas seems like a piece of old rural Texas. Residents complain the neighborhood has been overlooked for decades with no sidewalks, no storm sewers, few streetlights, and overgrown roads to name just a few problems… The Cigarette Hill area is very close to other Southern Dallas neighborhoods that have proper lighting, wider streets and complete sidewalks.

Still, it held a lot of promise. Cigarette Hill had ready access to employment centers and a Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) rail station. It also offered scenic views from its elevated position. Revitalization efforts still continue.

Cigarettes in Sterling Heights

Sterling Heights, Michigan

I found another cigarette subdivision in Sterling Heights, Michigan. Residents there could choose from Camel, Pall Mall, Parliament, Winston, Newport and Viceroy Drives. Ironically, it also included a Tarry drive (which by one definition meant "covered with tar"). I supposed a street surrounded by cigarettes would eventually become tarry as a result. Unfortunately I couldn’t find anything else about this neighborhood beyond its themed street names. It seemed from Google Street View that the houses probably dated from the 1950’s or 1960’s based on their architecture.

Pall Mall

Pall Mall
Pall Mall Circa 1900. Reproduced by Leonard Bentley on Flickr (cc)

I found myself with a little extra room left in this article. Maybe I should take a look at one of those old-timey cigarette brands. What inspired the naming of Pall Mall I wondered?

The mystery solved itself pretty quickly. Pall Mall is a street in London, England (map). It connected St. James’s Street to Trafalgar Square, running past St. James’s Square. The 18th Century brought a lot of wealthy people to Pall Mall who lived in ornate mansions there. It also became known for art galleries and auctioneers. It didn’t take a lot of effort to see why a cigarette brand would emulate its name. Obviously it wanted to trade on the high-class status of London’s Pall Mall, a good bit removed from its later namesake on Cigarette Hill.

Reaching back farther, the street got its name from a lawn game. Pall mall — the game — grew in popularity during 16th Century. Later it evolved into croquet. The street ran along an area that once hosted a popular pall mall field. First came the game, then came the street, then came the cigarette brand, and finally the cigarette-themed neighborhoods.

Barron County Street Grid

I stumbled upon Barron County, Wisconsin — figuratively speaking — as I researched the Big Zero article. There seemed to be a plethora of zero-themed streets in the United States. In fact I think I’d claim that no other nation competes with the sheer number of zero streets, avenues, lanes, drives, etc., found throughout the U.S. There are many examples nationwide and one of them has to be the best. I offered 0 Street outside of Cumberland, Wisconsin as my preference, not so much for the road itself as for the many different roads nearby with fractional designations.

This prompted longtime 12MC reader "Greg" to note, "I imagine the WI road naming convention might reflect the number of miles a road is from the western or southern border of its county?" That was all the excuse I needed to dig into the peculiar case of the mysterious Barron County street grid further.

There’s no better way to procrastinate and avoid weekend chores than by fiddling around on Google Maps. County lines don’t show up when their maps are embedded(1) on an external site (such as 12MC) so I had to create my own representation of Barron County. What a perfectly regular shape! It’s a convenient square of 30 miles (48 kilometres) on a side. Townships in Barron County also conform to neat little squares and rectangles as well although they have evolved over the years to become even more regular.

View Barron County Street Numbering in a larger map

0 Street, running along the western edge of Barron County also goes by alternate names, specifically County Line Street and Polk-Barron Street. All that makes sense. Zero connotates a beginning, where one should start counting from the western county line, and Polk is the county immediately to the west. The southern boundary also has a couple of different names, County Line Road (to distinguish it from County Line Street, I suppose) and Barron-Dunn Avenue where it shares a common border with Dunn County. It gets more interesting on the eastern border since a contiguous road does not run the preponderance of its length. Here it’s primarily 30th Street or Town Line Road where a physical path exists. Ditto on the northern side except it’s 30th Avenue, and various town and county line roads.

Thus, based on this naming and based upon a few test lines I drew on the map, it became readily apparent that Greg was correct. The names aren’t completely precise since they do include some minor rounding, however they’re close enough to get the point across. The map published by Barron County also confirmed it.

View Larger Map

It all begins here, at the intersection of Polk-Barron Street and Barron-Dunn Avenue. Put a cursor on the Street View image and notice the crazy address Google assigns to it. This is a quadripoint. One can stand at the crossroads and touch Barron, Polk, St. Croix and Dunn Counties simultaneously. Ironically, Barron is one of the few Wisconsin counties I’ve not yet captured. Now I have an incentive.

The intersection of Polk-Barron and Barron-Dunn starts the sequences. These are the respective zeros. Roads in Barron County are based upon mileage from the western and southern borders. East-West roads are Avenues. North-South roads are Streets. Thus it’s easy to tell how far one must drive between points. There are very few diagonal roads so one doesn’t even need to resort to mathematical calculations of the hypotenuse, just simple addition and subtraction.

View Larger Map

Barron throws in some interesting factors to complicate the process by resorting to fractional road names. It’s entirely possible, for example, to meet someone at the corner of 11 3/4 Avenue and 2 3/4 Street. Yikes!

View Larger Map

The most extreme instance, however, may be 1 5/8 Street. That’s one and five-eighths miles east of the Polk-Barron county line. It equates to 1.625 Street, and I defy anyone to find a street name more fractional than this. Unfortunately it may also be an error. Barron County’s map lists it as 1 1/2 Street. Google’s mapmakers may have placed it there as an Easter Egg or as an intentional trap street to keep people from stealing their copyrighted works. I found plenty of 1/4, 1/2 and 3/4 fractions and nothing more extreme than that on the published map produced by the county.

View Larger Map

I also discovered Big Dummy Lake which I found amusing even though it has has nothing to do with street numbering. I kept thinking of Sanford and Son (listen to the quote and see if you might agree). There seemed to be plenty of houses along Big Dummy Lake as well as nearby Little Dummy Lake too. I can’t imagine what marketing campaign the developers must have used to sell those properties. "Come by a new house, you big dummy" pitched by Redd Foxx somehow seems appropriate.

Interestingly towns within the various townships of Barron County exempt themselves from the madness. Rice Lake, Cumberland and the town of Barron all seem to resort to more standard names like Main St., Elm St., and Monroe Ave.

Street and avenue names based upon miles from the southern and western borders, including the unusual fractional notations, seem to be a rural phenomenon of Barron County.

Tangentially Unrelated

Regular reader "Will" enjoyed the Big Zero article too. He offered something similar although not quite a zero. There is a street in Gilroy, California called "No Name Uno Road" (street view image). As Will explained, "The street name combines two languages, an inherent paradox, laziness, and bureaucratic finality in one lovely package." He also wonders what U2 might think about it.

He explained further that supposedly workers building the road gave it a temporary name for billing purposes and it somehow became affixed permanently. It wouldn’t be so bad except Gilroy’s hospital was built along the road and now has to suffer with the peculiarities of its address (check it out on their website: 9400 No Name Uno, Gilroy, CA 95020).

Thanks Will!

(1) It’s been a long time since I’ve used a true footnote on the Twelve Mile Circle. I don’t know why because they’re very effective. Oh yeh, now I remember. They’re kind of a pain and most people don’t read them anyway. They have to be hand-coded like in the dark ages of HTML before content management software took care of most of those chores automatically. Where was I going? Oh. Embed. Everyone has words that for whatever reason are difficult to remember how to spell in writing. For the life of me I always have a tough time remembering if it’s embed or imbed. The easiest way to solve this is to hit Google with a search term like define embed (spell it the other way and it will default back to embed). Anyway, I thought they used a rather gruesome example — "he had an operation to remove a nail embedded in his chest." Now you see why I threw it into a footnote.