Bill Williams’ Fingerprints

On May 15, 2011 · 3 Comments

Peering at random spots on maps as I’ve been known to do, I came across a river with a name so ordinary it seemed unusual. I realize that’s an oxymoron so bear with me a little while and hear me out.

Rivers often carry the names of the topography that surrounds it, or perhaps something in the language of a long-gone indigenous population, or maybe event he name of a famous nearby resident. This one, however, might as well have been named Average Joe or even Dude. It carries the rather generic monicker, Bill Williams River. That was my original (and as usual) completely incorrect thought. I discovered that Bill Williams was actually a rather interesting man who’s had the misfortune of being largely been forgotten by history.



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The Bill Williams River takes a short 36-mile jaunt through western Arizona, from Alamo Lake to Lake Havasu on the California border. Some of this journey traverses the aptly-named Bill Williams National Wildlife Refuge managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. It’s an extremely remote and inhospitable Mojave Desert area with few amenities and even fewer roads. The American Whitewater website describes it in stark terms:

The run will be long and slow, probably taking 2 full days, and possibly more… This is a scenic desert adventure for strong-willed and strong-bodied boaters who really like to get away from crowded rivers. This one will NOT be inundated with throngs of paddlers! The most significant hazards on the Bill Williams River are desert temperatures, scorching sun, cactus, rattlesnakes, Gila monsters, hot desert sand, hot desert winds and a vast remoteness that has paddlers a long way from any type of services. Mountains along the riverbanks make cellular communications next to impossible, if possible at all… Personally, I would have my .44 Mag with me on a trip in this area – one never knows what he or she might encounter in the desert wilderness of western Arizona.

What type of rugged individual would have served as inspiration for such a remote and seemingly inhospitable place?

William Sherley Williams — who at least had the good sense to go by Bill Williams instead of William Williams, or Sherley for that matter — was one of the classic mountain men of the old west. He doesn’t have the same name recognition as some of his contemporaries like Kit Carson or John C. Frémont, but he was a legend of a similar magnitude on that same frontier, traversing vast empty voids, then getting into trouble and finding ways out of it.

The definitive biography, and in fact the only book-length biography of him ever written, is "Old Bill Williams, Mountain Man," by Alpheus Favour. It has been reprinted several times since its original publication in 1936 and it’s still available on Amazon or from other sources. That shows Bill Williams has some staying power with students of this era even though he lacks a wider name recognition in popular culture.

Bill Williams was born in North Carolina in 1787 and his family relocated to the Missouri frontier when he was young. As an adult he turned his back on civilization to become a master fur trapper, a preacher, a guide and an explorer. He befriended and battled many Native American tribes as he wandered through the Rockies, Desert Southwest and California. His mastery of numerous Indian languages made him extremely valuable to both the U.S. military and to the tribal nations as they negotiated their various treaties.

Williams agreed to guide Frémont’s fourth expedition through the southern Rockies in 1848, but pulled out out when he deemed a wintertime crossing too dangerous. Frémont continued with disastrous results and then did his best to blame Williams who has since been largely been exonerated by history. Old Bill Williams died the next year in an attack led by Ute Indians as he was retracing the steps of the failed expedition. He lived 62 years, which is nearly ancient for those who survived by their wits on the frontier during that era. He was a very solitary man and perhaps that is why he’s not as well remembered as some of the more iconic mountain men.

However, the people of the time held him in high regard and imprinted his name upon the geography of the old west, particularly in Arizona. I first found the river but there are other places memorializing him.



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His name lives on in Williams, Arizona, west of Flagstaff. This is a fairly sizable town for this sparsely-populated terrain, with nearly 3,000 inhabitants. It’s noted for two items in particular:

  1. The Grand Canyon Railway begins in Williams on its route to Grand Canyon Village. One town nickname is the Gateway to the Grand Canyon.
  2. Route 66, the fabled Mother Road, lasted longer in Williams than in any other place along its entire length between Chicago and Los Angeles. It wasn’t bypassed by an interstate highway until 1984. That’s at least a decade or more longer than the norm.

More evidence of Bill Williams also exists just outside of town at a mountain named in his honor.


The smallest tribute I could find and actually see on a map occurs southeast of Tucson



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The Bill Williams Tank is a small reservoir in the middle of the desert. I imagine that it would be a nameless feature if it was located just about anywhere else. However, standing water is a rarity in this location and that makes it noteworthy. I can’t determine from the map how it might be used, and the Intertubes aren’t useful either. The only links are junk websites that are stuffed with advertisements and reference every USGS place name. Maybe it’s for ranching? Maybe someone in the 12MC audience has a better clue?

I enjoyed discovering the legacy of Old Bill Williams and guess there’s still a little mystery left.

On May 15, 2011 · 3 Comments

3 Responses to “Bill Williams’ Fingerprints”

  1. Peter says:

    IINM “tank” is a Western term for a small artificial pond used to provide water for livestock.

  2. Pfly says:

    Yep, here’s a definition of “tank” from 1955, “Look of Old West”, by W. Foster-Harris: “Tank is cow country [language] for a small pond, made by damming a ravine or fixing a hollow to catch and hold rain water.” This post makes me think about the John Day River.

  3. Fritz Keppler says:

    There is a road that leads east from Alamo Lake that crosses the La Paz/Yavapai county line which I need to cross. A few years ago I did try to approach it from US 93 toward the west, but Alamo Road was poorly marked, and it was during the summer and the heat was increasing exponentially, so I did not have the time to try to figure out the correct road. A return in a cooler season is definitely warranted!

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